englische Grammatik erklärt

Das Verb "BE" (im Deutschen "sein") hat in der Gegenwart drei Formen:

AM
ARE
IS

Beispiele

I am Molly. - Ich bin Molly.
You are at home. - Du bist zu Hause.
It is cold. - Es ist kalt.

Beim Sprechen oder informellen Schreiben wird oft die Kurzform gebraucht.

I'm Molly. - Ich bin Molly.
You're at home. - Du bist zu Hause.
It's cold. - Es ist kalt.

 
Englisch Kurzform Deutsch
I am  I'm ich bin
You are you're du bist
He is he's er ist
She is she's sie ist
It is It's es ist
We are we're wir sind
You are you're ihr seid
They are they're sie sind

FRAGEN

Beispiele

He is at home. - Er ist zu Hause.
Is he at home? - Ist er zu Hause?

 
"be" Person
Am  I at home?
Are you at home?
Is she at home?
Is he at home?
Is it at home?
Are we at home?
Are you at home?
Are they at home?

 

"Ja" oder "Nein" Antworten

 
"Yes" Antwort "No" Antwort Kurzform
Yes, I am. No, I am not. No, I'm not.
Yes, you are. No, you are not. No, you aren't.
Yes, she is. No, she is not. No, she isn't.
Yes, he is. No, he is not. No, he isn't.
Yes, it is. No, it is not. No, it isn't.
Yes, we are. No, we are not. No, we aren't.
Yes, you are. No, you are not. No, you aren't.
Yes, they are. No, they are not. No, they aren't.

 

Weitere Beispiele

Are you hungry? - Yes, I am.
- Hast du Hunger? - Ja.
Are you thirsty? - No, I am not.
- Hast du Durst? - Nein.

Is he at home? - Yes, he is.
- Ist er zu Hause? - Ja.
Is Dad at home? - No, he isn't.
- Ist Papa zu Hause? - Nein.

Are my friends in the park? - Yes, they are.
- Sind meine Freunde im Park? - Ja.
Are John and Mary friends? - No, they aren't.
- Sind John und Mary Freunde? - Nein.

Wenn mehr Informationen erforderlich sind, fangen Fragen mit den folgenden Wörtern an:

WHAT (was)
WHO (wer)
WHEN (wann)
WHERE (wo)
WHY (warum)
HOW OFTEN (wie oft)
WHAT TIME (wann)

 
  "be" Person Deutsch
Where am  I Wo bin ich?
Where are you Wo bist du?
Where is she Wo ist sie?
Where is he Wo ist er?
Where is it Wo ist es?
Where are we Wo sind wir?
Where are you Wo seid ihr?
Where are they Wo sind sie?

VERNEINUNGEN

Die verneinte Form des Verbes  "BE" (im Deutschen "sein") bildet man mit "NOT":

AM + NOT - Kurzform: 'm not
ARE + NOT- Kurzform: aren't
IS + NOT- Kurzform: isn't

Beispiele

I am not Molly. - Ich bin nicht Molly.
You are not at home. - Du bist nicht zu Hause.
It is not cold. - Es ist nicht kalt.

Beim Sprechen oder informellen Schreiben wird oft die Kurzform gebraucht.

I'm not Molly. - Ich bin nicht Molly.
You aren't at home. - Du bist nicht zu Hause.
It isn't cold. - Es ist nicht kalt.

 
Person "be" + not Kurzform Deutsch
I am not I'm not ich bin nicht
You are not you aren't du bist nicht
He is not he isn't er ist nicht
She is not she isn't sie ist nicht
It is not It isn't es ist nicht
We are not we aren't wir sind nicht
You are not you aren't ihr seid nicht
They are not they aren't sie sind nicht

 

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Das Verb "BE" in allen Zeitformen

Present Simple
Kurzform
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They
am
are
is
is
is
are
are
are
I'm
You're
He's
She's
It's
We're
You're
They're

Past Simple
Kurzform
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They
was
were
was
was
was
were
were
were
 --
You're
He's
She's
It's
We're
You're
They're

Future Simple
Kurzform
I
You
She
He
It
We
You
They
will be
will be
will be
will be
will be
will be
will be
will be
I'll be
You'll be
She'll be
He'll be
It'll be
We'll be
You'll be
They'll be

"going to" Future
Kurzform
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They
am going to be
are going to be
is going to be
is going to be
is going to be
are going to be
are going to be
are going to be
I'm going to be
You're going to be
He's going to be
She's going to be
It's going to be
We're going to be
You're going to be
They're going to be

Present Perfect
Kurzform
I
You
She
He
It
We
You
They
have been
have been
has been
has been
has been
have been
have been
have been
I've been
You've been
She's been
He's been
It's been
We've been
You've been
They've been

Past Perfect
Kurzform
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They
had been
had been
had been
had been
had been
had been
had been
had been
I'd been
You'd been
He'd been
She'd been
It'd been
We'd been
You'd been
They'd been

Modal Verb - must
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They
must be
must be
must be
must be
must be
must be
must be
must be

Modal Verb - can
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They
can be
can be
can be
can be
can be
can be
can be
can be

Modal Verb - should
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They
should be
should be
should be
should be
should be
should be
should be
should be

Modal Verb - may
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They
may be
may be
may be
may be
may be
may be
may be
may be