English grammar image

Das Past Perfect

Das Past Perfect wird verwendet um auszudrücken, dass eine Handlung vor anderen Handlung in der Vergangenheit stattgefunden hat.

Erste Handlung - I finished my homework
Zweite Handlung - I went shopping

Do kannst sagen:

I finished homework, then I went shopping.

Oder du kannst die zwei Sätze verbunden:

I had finished my homework BEFORE I went shopping.
BEFORE I went shopping, I had finished my homework.
AFTER I had finished my homework, I went shopping.

Bildung

had + Past Participle (= 3. Form des Verbes)

Bei regelmäßigen Verben musst du an das Verb nur ein -ed anhängen (wie im Past Simple).

work - worked
finish - finished
play - played

Das Past Participle unregelmäßiger Verben musst du auswendig lernen

be - been
write - written
know - known

Das Past Participle unregelmäßiger Verben findest du in der dritten Spalte der Tabelle der unregelmäßigen Verben in deinem Englischbuch oder hier. Online Übungen: Test 1Test 2Test 3Test 4Test 5.

Aussagen (Statements)

Alle Formen + Kurzformen

I had done - I'd done
you had done - you'd done
he had done - he'd done
she had done - she'd done
it had done - it'd done
we had done - we'd done
you had done - you'd done
they had done - they'd done

 

BEACHTE die Past Perfect-Form des Verbes "have"

I had had - I'd had
you had had - you'd had
he had had - he'd had
she had had - she'd had
it had had - it'd had
we had had - we'd had
you had had - you'd had
they had had - they'd had

Fragen (Questions)

"Ja" - "Nein" Fragen

Had I eaten?
Had you eaten?
Had he eaten?
Had she eaten?
Had it eaten?
Had we eaten?
Had you eaten?
Had they eaten?

"Ja" Kurzantworten

Yes, I had.
Yes, you had.
Yes, he had.
Yes, she had.
Yes, it had.
Yes, we had.
Yes, you had.
Yes, they had.

"Nein" Kurzantworten

No, I hadn't.
No, you hadn't.
No, he hadn't.
No, she hadn't.
No, it hadn't.
No, we hadn't.
No, you hadn't.
No, they hadn't.

W-Fragen

Fragewörter

What - Was
Where - Wo
When - Wann
Who - Wer
Why - Warum

What had I eaten?
What had you eaten?
What had he eaten?
What had she eaten?
What had it eaten?
What had we eaten?
What had you eaten?
What had they eaten?

Verneinungen (Negative Forms)

Verneinungen im Past Perfect werden mit dem Wort "not" gebildet.

I had not eaten
You had not eaten
He had not eaten
She had not eaten
It had not eaten
We had not eaten
You had not eaten
They had not eaten

Beim Sprechen "not" wird zu "n't".

I hadn't eaten
You hadn't  eaten
He hadn't  eaten
She hadn't  eaten
It hadn't  eaten
We hadn't  eaten
You hadn't  eaten
They hadn't  eaten

Verwendung (Use)

Du verwendest das Past Perfect:

  • für die Handlung, die VOR der anderen Handlung in der Vergangenheit stattfand

He had had his breakfast BEFORE he got dressed.
AFTER he had had his breakfast, he got dressed.

  • um auszudrüken, wie lange eine Handlung zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der Vergangenheit andauerte

When I met them, they had lived in Italy FOR many years.
When I met them, they had lived in Italy SINCE 2018.-

  • In Sätzen in der Vergangenheit, die durch WHEN, AS SOON AS, TILL, UNTIL eingeleitet werden. Für Handlungen mit geringen zeitlichen Abstand voreinander, wird das Past Simple verwendet.

She had watched TV UNTIL she fell asleep.

  • Mit EVER

It was the best trip they had EVER had.