English grammar image

Das Past Simple

Du verwendest das Past Simple um über die Vergangenheit zu sprechen und wenn du genau weißt wann die Handlung passiert oder geschehen ist (z. B. gestern, vor zwei Stunden, im 2001, usw.). Diese Handlung ist zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt abgeschlossen.

Beispiele

I went to the cinema yesterday. - Ich ging gestern ins Kino.
In 2010 he was in Italy. - 2010 war er in Italien.
My brother played football two days ago. - Mein Bruder spielte Fußball vor zwei Tagen.

 

 
Person Past Simple
I played beach volleyball yesterday.
You played beach volleyball yesterday.
He played beach volleyball yesterday.
She played beach volleyball yesterday.
It played beach volleyball yesterday.
We played beach volleyball yesterday.
You played beach volleyball yesterday.
They played beach volleyball yesterday.

Regelmäßige und unregelmäßige Verben

Wie im Deutschen, in der englischen Sprache gibt es regelmäßige und unregelmäßige Verben.

Das Past Simple von regelmäßigen Verben wird mit  "-ed" oder "-d" gebildet.

Beispiele

work - worked (arbeiten)
play - played (spielen)
watch - watched (anschauen)

dance - danced (tanzen)
like - liked (mögen)
live - lived (leben, wohnen)

Bei Verben, die mit -y enden, wird das -y zu -i, und die Endung "-ed" wird hinzugefügt.

try - tried (versuchen)
study - studied (lernen)
cry - cried (weinen)

Bei kurzen, einsilbigen Verben, wird die letzte Buchstabe verdoppelt.

stop - stoppe(aufhören)
drop - dropped (fallen lassen)
rob - robbed (rauben)

Alle unregelmäßigen Verben des Past Simple musst du AUSWENDIG LERNEN.

Beispiele

go - went (gehen)
see - saw (sehen)
bring - brought (bringen)

Die Liste der unregelmäßigen Verben findest du hier.

 

Das Past Simple für alle Personen ist gleich.

I watched TV last night. - Ich schaute letzte Nacht Fernsehen.
You watched TV last night.
He watched TV last night.
She watched TV last night.
It watched TV last night.
We watched TV last night.
You watched TV last night.
They watched TV last night.

I went to the park yesterday. - Ich bin gestern in den Park gegangen.
You went to the park yesterday.
He went to the park yesterday.
She went to the park yesterday.
It went to the park yesterday.
We went to the park yesterday.
You went to the park yesterday.
They went to the park yesterday.

"Ja" oder "Nein" Fragen

Fragen im Past Simple werden mit dem Wort "did" gebildet.

Beispiele

Did he drink orange juice yesterday? - Hat er gestern Orangesaft getrunken?

B E A C H T E

Die folgende Frage ist falsch.

Drank he orange juice yesterday?

 
Did Person Base Form des Verbes
Did I go  for a walk yesterday?
Did you go for a walk yesterday?
Did she go for a walk yesterday?
Did he go for a walk yesterday?
Did it go for a walk yesterday?
Did we go for a walk yesterday?
Did you go for a walk yesterday?
Did they go for a walk yesterday?

"Ja" oder "Nein" Antworten

Auf Englisch ist es unhöflich nur "yes" oder "no" zu sagen. Es ist höflich immer "Yes, I did" oder "No, I didn't" sagen.

 
"Yes" Antwort "No" Antwort Kurzform
Yes, I did. No, I did not. No, I didn't.
Yes, you did. No, you did not. No, you didn't.
Yes, she did. No, she did not. No, she didn't.
Yes, he did. No, he did not. No, he didn't.
Yes, it did. No, it did not. No, it didn't.
Yes, we did. No, we did not. No, we didn't.
Yes, you did. No, you did not. No, you didn't.
Yes, they did. No, they did not. No, they didn't.

"Offene" Fragen

"Offene" Fragen im Past Simple werden auch mit dem Wort did gebildet, und mit den folgenden Wörtern beginnen:

WHAT (was)
WHEN (wann)
WHERE (wo)
WHY (warum)
WHAT TIME (wann)

Beispiele

WHEN did he drink orange juice? - WANN hat er Orangesaft getrunken?

B E A C H T E

Die folgende Frage ist falsch.

When drank he orange juice?

 
did Person Base Form des Verbes
WHEN did I drink orange juice?
WHEN did you drink orange juice?
WHEN did she drink orange juice?
WHEN did he drink orange juice?
WHEN did it drink watch TV?
WHEN did we drink orange juice?
WHEN did you drink orange juice?
WHEN did they drink orange juice?

 

Offene Antworten

Offene Frage verwendest du, wenn du mehr Informationen brauchst.

WHAT did I do yesterday? - Was habe ich gestern gemacht?
WHAT did you do yesterday?
WHAT did he do yesterday?
WHAT did she do yesterday?
WHAT did it do yesterday?
WHAT did we do yesterday?
WHAT did you do yesterday?
WHAT did they do yesterday?

Antwort

I played in the garden. - Ich spielte im Garten.

Verneinungen 

Verneinungen im Past Simple werden mit dem Wort did + "not" gebildet.

I did not go to the cinema. - Ich bin nicht ins Kino gegangen.

Beim Sprechen verwenden wir so-genannte Abkürzungen weil wir schnell sprechen / schreiben möchten:
"not" wird zu "n't".

I didn't go to the cinema.

 
Person did + not + Verb Kurzform
I did not work didn't work
You did not work didn't work
She did not work didn't work
He did not work didn't work
It did not work didn't work
We did not work didn't work
You did not work didn't work
They did not work didn't work

 

Wann verwendest du das Past Simple?

Das Past Simple wird verwendet um über Folgendes zu sprechen:

ABGESCHLOSSENE HANDLUNGEN IN DER VERGANGENHEIT

einmalige

 

Two hours ago I cleared up my room. - Vor zwei Stunden habe ich mein Zimmer aufgeräumt.

wiederholte (oft mit Adverbien der Häufigkeit: always, usually, never, often, sometimes, never).

When I was a child, I often went shopping with my mother. - Als Kind ging ich oft mir meiner Mutter einkaufen.

 

AUFEINANDERFOLGENDE HANDLUNGEN IN DER VERGANGENHEIT

I woke up. Then I got up and got dressed. -  Ich bin aufgewacht. Dann stand ich auf und zog mich an.

Mit folgenden Ausdrücken, so-genannten Time Linkers:

Englisch Deutsch
One day Am einem Tag
First Zuerst
Then dann
After that danach
Next danach
Finally schließlich

 

SIGNALWÖRTER IM PAST SIMPLE

Englisch Deutsch
yesterday gestern
last week letzte Woche
last month / year letzter Monat / Jahr
two hours ago vor zwei Stunden
in 2010  (im Jahr)  2010
When I was 5 Als ich 5 war

IF-SÄTZE TYP 2

If I were you, I would learn more. - Wenn ich du wäre, würde ich mehr lernen.

Mustertext

Unten findest du einen Mustertext mit dem Past Simple.

My best trip ever

My best trip ever was to Liverpool in July 2019. I flew from Vienna to Manchester and then took a train from Manchester Airport to Liverpool. I did a lot of sightseeing there but the best part were the pubs where I could listen to live music. The first thing I wanted to visit was the famous Mathew Street and the Cavern Club at number 10. It was the place where the Beatles often played their songs.

When I entered the club, it was full of people and a young man with a guitar was on stage and was singing one of Ed Sheeran's songs. Some people started to dance. I looked around and couldn't believe my eyes, one of the Beatles, Paul Mccartney was there. I came up to him and asked for his autograph and he agreed to sign my Liverpool guidebook. 

Übungen und Lösungen im PDF Format

Klicke hier für die Übungen und Lösungen im PDF Format.

Hier findest du eine Druckversion.