English grammar image

Das Present Perfect Continuous

Du verwendest das Present Perfect Continuous um auszudrücken, dass die Handlung:

  • in der Vergangenheit begonnen hat und bis in die Gegenwart andauert.
  • gerade abgeschlossen wird. Das Resultat is wichtig.

Beispiele

I have been learning
He has been playing

Bildung

Subjekt + "have" + "been" + Verb-ing

I, you, we, they + have+ been + Verb-ing
he, she, it + has+ been+ Verb-ing

Für Ausnahmen der -ing Form beim Schreiben, klicke hier.

Aussagen (Statements)

Alle Formen im Present Perfect Continuous

I have been playing - Ich habe gespielt
you have been playing - du hast gespielt
he has been playing - er hat gespielt
she has been playing - sie hat gespielt
it has been playing - es hat gespielt
we have been playing - wir haben gespielt
you have been playing - ihr habt gespielt
they have been playing - Sie haben gespielt

Fragen (Questions) im Present Perfect Continuous

"Ja" "Nein" Fragen

Have I been playing?
Have you been playing?
Has he been playing?
Has she been playing?
Has it been playing?
Have we been playing?
Have you been playing?
Have they been playing?

Kurze Antworten

Yes, I have. No, I haven't.
Yes, you have. No, you haven't.
Yes, he has. No, he hasn't.
Yes, she has. No, she hasn't.
Yes, it has. No, it hasn't.
Yes, we have. No, we haven't.
Yes, you have. No, you haven't.
Yes, they have. No, they haven't.

WH Fragen im Present Perfect Continuous

WH Fragen verwendest du, wenn du mehr Informationen brauchst. Sie beginnen mit den folgenden Wörtern:

What - Was
Where - Wo
When - Wann
Who - Wer
Why - Warum

What have I been doing?
What have you been doing?
What has he been doing?
What has she been doing?
What has it been doing?
What have we been doing?
What have you been doing?
What have they been doing?

Verneinungen (Negative Forms)

Verneinungen im Present Perfect Continuous werden mit dem Wort "not" gebildet.

I have not been playing
you have not been playing
he has not been playing
she has not been playing
it has not been playing
we have not been playing
you have not been playing
they have not been playing

Beim Sprechen verwenden wir Abkürzungen - "not" wird zu "n't".

I haven't been playing
you haven't been playing
he hasn't been playing
she hasn't been playing
it hasn't been playing
we haven't been playing
you haven't been playing
they haven't been playing

Verwendung (Use)

Du verwendest das Present Perfect Continuous, um über Folgendes zu sprechen:

eine Handlung, die in der Vergangenheit began und bis in die Gegenwart andauert.

I have been living in Vienna for 10 years.

eine Handlung, die gerade abgeschlossen wird und du möchtest den Handlungsverlauf betonen.

I have been working all day.

Stative Verbs

Es gibt so genannte Stative Verbs (state=Zustand) -  Zustandsverben, die normalerweise keine Progressive Form haben. Diese Verben beschreiben oft Zustände, Gedankn, oder Gefühle, die einige Zeit andauern.

I have known him
I have been knowing him

Klicke hier mehr über die Stative Verbs zu erfahren.

Signalwörter im Present Perfect Progressive

  • since / for - seit
  • all day / the whole day - den ganzen Tag
  • recently / lately - vor kurzem