englische Grammatik erklärt

Das Present Perfect Continuous

Das Present Perfect Continuous wird mit dem Verb have been oder has been  und die -ing-Form des Verbes gebildet.

Beispiele

I have been doing my homework all day.
You have been playing football all afternoon.
He has been sleeping all afternoon.
She has been watching TV all day.
We have been swimming in the lake all afternoon.
You have been playing a computer game all evening.
They have been playing volleyball all day long.

Du verwendest das Present Perfect Continuous, um über Folgendes, zu sprechen:

  • eine längere Handlung, die in der Vergangenheit begonnen hat und in der Gegenwart weiter geht oder gerade erst abgeschlossen wird.

I have been doing my homework all afternoon.
He has been playing football with his friends all day long.
She has been learning Spanish long.
We have been running for three hours.

  • eine Handlung, die seit einer Zeit kontinuierlich stattgefunden hat.

It has been snowing all day long. Es bedeutet: It started snowing in the morning and it hasn't stopped yet.

BEACHTE:

Die Verben: be, know, have, like normalerweise nicht in the -ing Form vorkommen.

She has known her best friend for a long time. NICHT: She has been knowing her best friend for a long time.

Ausnahmen:

  • Ausfall des -e bei Verben, die mit -e enden:
    come -- coming, dance -- dancing
  • Verdoppelung:
    swim -- swimming, run -- running, sit -- sitting
  • -ie wird zu y:
    lie -- lying
  • das -y am Ende ändert sich nicht:
    study -- studying, buy -- buying

Es gibt zwei Arten von Fragen:

  • die "einfachen" Fragen die mit "ja" oder "nein" beantwortet werden, oder
  • "offene" Fragen mit den Wörtern: what (was), who (wer), when (wann), where (wo), why (warum), und how (wie) beginnen.

"JA" oder "NEIN" FRAGEN

Have I been reading a book?
Have you been reading a book?
Has he been reading a book?
Has she been reading a book?
Have we been reading a book?
Have you been reading a book?
Have they been reading a book?

Kurze Antworten

Yes, I have. No, I haven't.
Yes, you have. No, you haven't.
Yes, he has. No, he hasn't.
Yes, she has. No, she hasn't.
Yes, we have. No, we haven't.
Yes, you have. No, you haven't.
Yes, they have. No, they haven't.

Auf Englisch ist es unhöflich nur "yes" oder "no" zu sagen. Du musst immer "Yes, I have" oder "No, I haven't" sagen.

Offene Fragen 
(Diese Frage verwendest du, wenn du mehr Informationen brauchst).

WHAT havebeen doing all day?
WHAT have you been doing all day?
WHAT has he been doing all day?
WHAT has she been doing all day?
WHAT have we been doing all day?
WHAT have you been doing all day?
WHAT have they been doing all day?

Mögliche Antworten 

I have been tidying my room.
You have been watching TV.
He has been playing.
She has been playing.
We have beenwatching TV.
You have been playing a game.
They have been swimming.

Beispiele:

I have not been reading a book all day.
You have not been reading a book all day.
He has not been reading a book all day.
She has not been reading a book all day.

We have not been reading a book all day.
You have not been readding a book all day.
They have not been reading a book all day.

Beim Sprechen verwenden wir so-genannte Abkürzungen weil wir schnell sprechen möchten:
"not" wird zu "n't".

haven't been reading a book all day.
You haven't been reading a book all day.
He hasn't been reading a book all day.
She hasn't been  reading a book all day.
We haven't been reading a book all day.
You haven't been reading a book all day.
They haven't been reading a book all day.

Englisch vs. Deutsch

Im Deutschen gibt es keine "continuous" Form.

“I have been waiting here for two hours" - “Ich habe hier zwei Stunden lang gewartet".