englische Grammatik erklärt

Das Present Perfect Continuous

Du verwendest das Present Perfect Continuous um auszudrücken, dass die Handlung:

  • in der Vergangenheit begonnen hat und bis in die Gegenwart andauert. (Mit den Wörtern "since" oder "for")
  • gerade abgeschlossen wird. Das Resultat is wichtig.
  • die vorübergehend ist. (Mit den Wörtern "recently", "lately"

Beispiele

I have been learning  English for 10 years.
He has been playing volleyball all day. He looks tired.
I have been doing yoga recently.

 
have oder has + been -ing Form des Verbes  
I have been living in Vienna all my life.
You have been living in Vienna for 10 years.
She has been living in Vienna since she was born.
He has been living in Vienna since last summer.
It has been living in Vienna for 5 years.
We have been living in Vienna for a long time.
You have been living in Vienna for two months.
They have been living in Vienna since last Christmas.

Signalwörter

Englisch German
SINCE / FOR SEIT
RECENTLY / LATELY VOR KURZEM, KÜRZLICH
ALL DAY / THE WHOLE DAY DEN GANZEN TAG

Fragen im Present Perfect Continuous

"JA" oder "NEIN" Fragen

Have I been learning English for 10 years?
Have you been learning English for 8 years?
Has he been learning English for 6 years?
Has she been learning English for 2 years?
Has it been learning English for 1 year?
Have we been learning English for 12 years?
Have you been learning English for 9 years?
Have they been learning English for 3 years?

Kurze Antworten

Yes, I have. No, I haven't.
Yes, you have. No, you haven't.
Yes, he has. No, he hasn't.
Yes, she has. No, she hasn't.
Yes, it has. No, it hasn't.
Yes, we have. No, we haven't.
Yes, you have. No, you haven't.
Yes, they have. No, they haven't.

Offene Fragen

WHAT have I been doing all day?
WHAT have you been doing all day?
WHAT has he been doing all day?
WHAT has she been doing all day?
WHAT has it been doing all day?
WHAT have we been doing all day?
WHAT have you been doing all day?
WHAT have they been doing all day?

Mögliche Antworten

I have been working.
You have been watching TV.
He has been playing football.
She has been baking.
It has been sleeping.
We have been learning.
You have been gardening.
They have been playing video games.

Verneinungen im Present Perfect Continuous

Verneinungen im Present Perfect Continuous werden mit dem Wort "not" gebildet.

I have not been listening. Can you please repeat that?
You have not been listening.
He has not been listening.
She has not been listening.
It has not been listening.
We have not been listening.
You have not been listening.
They have not been listening.

Beim Sprechen verwenden wir Abkürzungen - "not" wird zu "n't".

I haven't been listening. Can you please repeat that?
You haven't been listening.
He hasn't been listening.
She hasn't been listening.
It hasn't been listening.
We haven't been listening.
You haven't been listening.
They haven't been listening.

Wann Present Perfect Simple oder Continuous?

ABGESCHLOSSENE oder NICHT ABGESCHLOSSENE HANDLUNG

I have been writing emails all day. - nicht abgeschlossene Handlung.
I have written five emails today. - abgeschlossene Handlung.

 

RESULTAT oder DAUER

We have been playing tennis all day. We are exhausted. - Dauer der Handlung ist wichtiger.
We have played tennis. We are exhausted. - Handlung beendet. Resultat is wichtig.

B E A C H T E

Es gibt Verben, die normalerweise nicht in den Continuous Zeitformen stehen.

  • be
  • agree
  • hate
  • hear
  • imagine
  • know
  • like
  • need
  • prefer
  • promise
  • realize
  • remember
  • see

I have known my friend for 10 years.
We have never been to Singapore.
He has agreed to visit us at Easter.

Übungen