englische Grammatik erklärt

Some und Any

Mengenbezeichnungen - "some" und "any" bedeuten das Gleiche - "etwas", "ein paar" oder "einige" - aber werden unterschiedlich verwendet. 

"Some"

"Some" wird verwendet:

  1. in Aussagen ohne Verneinung

    There is some milk in the fridge.
    I visited some museums in London. 

  2. in höflichen Bitten 

    Can I have some water, please. I am so thirsty. 
    Can we have some more time to finish our homework?

  3. in Angeboten (wenn man mit "ja" als Antwort rechnet)

    Would you like some tea?

 

"Any"

"Any" wird verwendet:

  1. In Fragen

    Have you got any time?
    Do you know any good music shops in Vienna?

  2. in Aussagen mit Verneinung

    I haven't got any money. 
    We didn't buy any flowers for mum. 

  3. in Verbindung mit never, hardly, without

    There is hardly any milk left.
    I have never met any celebrity. 
    Without any doubt, she is the smartest girl I have ever met.

  4. wenn any jeder/-e/-es beliebige bedeutet

    You can take any bus. They all go to Buckingham Palace. 

Zusammensetzungen

mit "some"

  • somebody / someone - (irgend)jemand
  • something - (irgend)etwas
  • somewhere - (iregend)wo

mit "any"

  • anybody / anyone - (irgend)jemand
  • anything - (irgend)etwas
  • anywhere - (iregend)wo

 

Beispiele

There is somebody in the garden. 
Can I have something to eat?  
Would you like something to drink?
I can't see anybody in the garden. 
Can I go anywhere I want?
We can hardly see anything.
You can buy anything you want?

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