englische Grammatik erklärt

Das Verb "HAVE"

Das Verb "HAVE" (im Deutschen "haben") hat in der Gegenwart zwei Formen:

HAVE (I, you, we, they) und HAS (she, he, it), oder
HAVE GOT (I, you, we, they) und HAS GOT (she, he, it).

Die Form "have got/has got" ist informeller.

Beispiele

I have a brother. - Ich habe ein Bruder.
We have no time. - Wir haben keine Zeit.
She has brown eyes. - Sie hat braune Augen.

 
Person Englisch Deutsch
I have  ich habe
You have du hast
She has  sie hat
He has er hat
It has es hat
We have wir haben
You have  ihr habt
They have sie haben
Person Englisch Kurzform Deutsch
I have got I've got ich habe
You have got You've got du hast
She has got She's got sie hat
He has got He's got er hat
It has got It's got es hat
We have got We've got wir haben
You have got You've got ihr habt
They have got They've got sie haben

 

"Ja" oder "Nein" Fragen

You have a brother.
Do you have a brother? - Hast du ein Bruder?

You have got a brother.
Have you got a brother? - Hast du ein Bruder?

She has brown eyes.
Does she have brown eyes. - Hat sie braune Augen?

She has got brown eyes.
Has she got brown eyes. - Hat sie braune Augen?

B E A C H T E: Die folgenden Fragen sind falsch:

Have you a brother?
Have we time?
Has she brown eyes?

 
Person "have" Deutsch
Do I have  Habe ich
Do you have  Hast du
Does she have Hat sie
Does he have Hat er
Does it have Hat es
Do we have Haben wir
Do you have  Habt ihr
Do they have Haben sie/Sie

 

 
Have Person got Deutsch
Have I got Habe ich
Have you  got Hast du
Has she got Hat sie
Has he  got Hat er
Has it got Hat es
Have we got Haben wir
Have you got Habt ihr
Have they got Haben sie/Sie

 

Antworten zu den "Ja" oder "Nein" Fragen

Do you have a brother? - Hast du ein Bruder?
Yes, I do.  Nicht: Yes, I have.
No, I don't.  Nicht: No, I haven't. 

Does she have brown eyes. - Hat sie braune Augen?
Yes, she does.  Nicht: Yes, she has.
No, she doesn't. Nicht: No, she hasn't.

 
"Yes" Antwort "No" Antwort
Yes, I do. No, I don't.
Yes, you do. No, you don't.
Yes, she does. No, she doesn't.
Yes, he does. No, he doesn't.
Yes, it does. No, it doesn't.
Yes, we do. No, we don't.
Yes, you do. No, you don't.
Yes, they do. No, they don't.

 

A B E R:

Have you got a brother?
Yes, I have.
No, I haven't.

Has she got brown eyes. - Hat sie braune Augen?
Yes, she has.
No, she hasn't.

 
"Yes" Antwort "No" Antwort
Yes, I have. No, I haven't.
Yes, you have. No, you haven't.
Yes, she has. No, she hasn't.
Yes, he has. No, he hasn't.
Yes, it has. No, it hasn't.
Yes, we have. No, we haven't.
Yes, you have. No, you haven't.
Yes, they have. No, they haven't.

Das Verb "HAVE" - Verneinung

Das Verb "HAVE" (im Deutschen "haben") hat in der Gegenwart zwei verneinten Formen:

DON'T HAVE (I, you, we, they) und DOESN'T HAVE (she, he, it), oder
HAVEN'T GOT (I, you, we, they) und HASN'T GOT (she, he, it)

Die Form "haven't got/hasn't got" ist informeller.

Beispiele

I don't have a brother. - Ich habe keinen Bruder.
We don't have time. - Wir haben keine Zeit.
She doesn't have a child. - Sie hat kein Kind.

 
Person Englisch Kurzform
I do not have  don't have 
You do not have don't have 
She does not have  doesn't have 
He does not have doesn't have 
It does not have doesn't have 
We do not have don't have 
You do not have don't have 
They do not have don't have 

 

Beispiele

I haven't got a brother. - Ich habe keinen Bruder.
We haven't got time. - Wir haben keine Zeit.
She hasn't got a child. - Sie hat kein Kind.

 

 
Person Englisch Kurzform
I have not got haven't got
You have not got haven't got
She has not got hasn't got
He has not got hasn't got
It has not got hasn't got
We have not got haven't got
You have not got haven't got
They have not got haven't got

 

Ausdrücke mit "have"

  • have breakfast - frühstücken
  • have lunch - Mittagessen haben
  • have dinner - Abendessen haben
  • have a drink - etwas trinken
  • have coffee - einen Kaffee haben
  • have a shower - duschen
  • have a holiday - Urlaub haben
  • have a party - eine Party feiern
  • have a good time - Spaß haben
  • have a problem - ein Problem haben
  • have an idea - eine Idee haben
  • have a cold - erkältet sein
  • have fun - Spaß haben
  • have an appointment - einen Termin haben
  • have a good day - einen guten Tag haben
  • have a bad day - einen schlechten Tag haben

Beispiele

I have an appointment at 5 o'clock. - Ich habe um 5 Uhr einen Termin.
He has a shower every day. - Er duscht jeden Tag.
We have a good idea. Let's go for a walk now. -  Wir haben eine gute Idee. Lass uns spazieren gehen.

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