engliosche Grammatik erklärt

Das Past Continuous

Past Continuous = Past (Vergangenheit) + Continuous (andauernde, nicht abgeschlossene Handlung).

Das Past Continuous ist kompliziert, weil du das Verb -be (de: sein) und die -ing-Form des Verbes brauchst, z. B. "I was playing" -- "ich spielte" (gestern). Das Prädikat "was playing" besteht aus zwei Wörtern.

Beispiele

I was doing my homework all afternoon yesterday.
You were playing football all afternoon yesterday.
He was sleeping all afternoon yesterday.
She was watching TV at 5 o'clock yesterday.
We were swimming in the lake at 4 o'clock yesterday.
You were playing a computer game all evening yesterday.
They were playing volleyball all morning yesterday.

Du verwendest das Past Continuous, um über Folgendes, zu sprechen:

  1. eine längere Handlung in der Vergangenheit zu sprechen, die zu einem bestimmten Sprachzeitpunkt ablief und nicht abgeschlossen war.

Yesterday at 8 in the evening I was doing my homework.
Two days ago at 6 he was playing football with his friends.
Last month at this time my parents were flying to London.
She was wearing a red dress at the party.

2.  zwei längere  a n d a u e r n d e  Handlungen in der Vergangenheit, die mithilfe von "while" oder "and" verbunden sind.

I was reading a book while my sister was watching TV.

3.  zwei Handlungen, eine längere und eine kurze Handlung. Die längere Handlung wird von einer kürzeren Handlung unterbrochen:

While I was watching TV (längere, nicht ageschlossene Handlung), my phone rang (kurze Handlung in Past Simple).

4. Du verwendest das Past Continuous, wenn du den Hintergrund für eine Erzählung beschreibst.

Zum Beispiel:

At eight o'clock yesterday, I was watching a film on TV. My mum was in the kitchen and she was making dinner, and my younger sister was doing her homework. Suddenly, we heard a loud noise ...

 

Ausnahmen:

  • Ausfall des -e bei Verben, die mit -e enden:
    come -- coming, dance -- dancing
  • Verdoppelung:
    swim -- swimming, run -- running, sit -- sitting
  • -ie wird zu y:
    lie -- lying
  • das -y am Ende ändert sich nicht:
    study -- studying, buy -- buying

Es gibt zwei Arten von Fragen:

  • die "einfachen" Fragen die mit "ja" oder "nein" beantwortet werden, oder
  • "offene" Fragen mit den Wörtern: what (was), who (wer), when (wann), where (wo), why (warum), und how (wie) beginnen.

"JA" oder "NEIN" FRAGEN

Was I reading a book yesterday at three o'clock?
Were you reading a book yesterday at three o'clock?
Was he reading a book yesterday at three o'clock?
Were we reading a book yesterday at three o'clock?
Were you reading a book yesterday at three o'clock?
Were they reading a book yesterday at three o'clock?

Kurze Antworten

Yes, I was. No, I wasn't.
Yes, you were. No, you weren't.
Yes, he was. No, he wasn't.
Yes, we were. No, we weren't.
Yes, you were. No, you weren't.
Yes, they were. No, they weren't.

Auf Englisch ist es unhöflich nur "yes" oder "no" zu sagen. Du musst immer "Yes, I was" oder "No, I wasn't" sagen.

Offene Fragen 
(Diese Frage verwendest du, wenn du mehr Informationen brauchst).

WHAT was I doing yesterday at three o'clock?
WHAT were you doing yesterday at three o'clock?
WHAT was he doing yesterday at three o'clock?
WHAT were we doing yesterday at three o'clock?
WHAT were you doing yesterday at three o'clock?
WHAT were they doing yesterday at three o'clock?

Mögliche Antworten 

I was tidying my room.
You were watching TV.
He was eating dinner.
We were cleaning our shoes.
You werplaying a game.
They were swimming.

Verneinungen im Past Continuous werden mit dem Wort not gebildet.

I was not reading a book.
You were not reading a book.
He was not  reading a book.
We were not  reading a book.
You were not  readding a book.
They were not  reading a book.

Beim Sprechen verwenden wir so-genannte Abkürzungen weil wir schnell sprechen möchten:
"not" wird zu "n't".

wasn't reading a book.
You weren't reading a book.
He wasn't  reading a book.
We weren't reading a book.
You weren't reading a book.
They weren't reading a book.