englische Grammatik erklärt

Was ist das Past Continuous (Progressive)?

Das Past Continuous ist eine Zeitform in der englischen Sprache, die du verwendest über eine Handlung in der Vergangenheit zu sprechen, die zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt noch nicht abgeschlossen war.

Die Past-Continuous-Form besteht aus zwei Wörtern

Das Verb „be“ + Verb+ing

 
Englisch Verb+ing
I was playing
You were playing
He was playing
She was playing
It was playing
We were playing
You were playing
They were playing

 

Das Past Continuous scheint kompliziert, weil du das Verb -be (im Deutschen "sein") und die -ing-Form des Verbes brauchst, z. B. "I was playing" -- "ich spielte".

Beispiele

I was doing my homework at 5 o'clock yesterday.
You were playing football at 5 o'clock yesterday.
He was sleeping at 5 o'clock yesterday.
She was watching TV at 5 o'clock yesterday.
We were swimming in the lake at 5 o'clock yesterday.
You were playing a computer game at 5 o'clock yesterday.
They were playing volleyball at 5 o'clock yesterday.

Ausnahmen der -ing-Form beim Schreiben

  • Ausfall des -e bei Verben, die mit -e enden:
    come -- coming, dance -- dancing
  • Verdoppelung:
    swim -- swimming, run -- running, sit -- sitting
  • -ie wird zu y:
    lie -- lying
  • das -y am Ende ändert sich nicht:
    study -- studying, buy -- buying

Du verwendest das Past Continuous, um über Folgendes, zu sprechen:

  1. eine längere Handlung in der Vergangenheit zu sprechen, die zu einem bestimmten Sprachzeitpunkt ablief und nicht abgeschlossen war.

Yesterday at 8 in the evening I was doing my homework.
Two days ago at 6 he was playing football with his friends.
Last month at this time my parents were flying to London.
She was wearing a red dress at the party.

 

2. zwei längere  a n d a u e r n d e  Handlungen in der Vergangenheit, die mithilfe von "while" oder "and" verbunden sind.

I was reading a book while my sister was watching TV.

 

3.  zwei Handlungen, eine längere und eine kurze Handlung. Die längere Handlung wird von einer kürzeren Handlung unterbrochen:

While I was watching TV (längere, nicht ageschlossene Handlung), my phone rang (kurze Handlung in Past Simple).

 

4. Du verwendest das Past Continuous, wenn du den Hintergrund für eine Erzählung beschreibst.

At eight o'clock yesterday, I was watching a film on TV. My mum was in the kitchen and she was making dinner, and my younger sister was doing her homework. Suddenly, we heard a loud noise ...

 

Fragen

Es gibt zwei Arten von Fragen:

  • die "einfachen" Fragen die mit "ja" oder "nein" beantwortet werden.
    Was he sleeping at 5 o'clock last night? 
  • "offene" Fragen, die mit den folgenden Wörtern beginnen:

WHAT (was)
WHO (wer)
WHEN (wann)
WHERE (wo)
WHY (warum)
HOW (wie)

 

Were you sleeping at 5 o'clock last night?
What were you doing at 5 o'clock last night?

"JA" oder "NEIN" FRAGEN

Was I reading a book at five o'clock last night?
Were you reading a book at five o'clock last night?
Was he reading a book at five o'clock last night?
Was she reading a book at five o'clock last night?
Were we reading a book at five o'clock last night?
Were you reading a book at five o'clock last night?
Were they reading a book at five o'clock last night?

 

Kurze Antworten

Positiv   Negativ Negativ - Abkürzung
Yes, I was.   No, I was not. No, I wasn't.
Yes, you were.   No, you were not.  No, you weren't.
Yes, he was.   No, he was not. No, he wasn't.
Yes, she was.   No, she was not. No, she wasn't.
Yes, it was.   No, it was not. No, it wasn't.
Yes, we were.   No, we were not. No, we weren't.
Yes, you were.   No, you were not. No, you weren't.
Yes, they were.   No, they were not. No, they weren't.

Auf Englisch ist es unhöflich nur "yes" oder "no" zu sagen. Du musst immer "Yes, I was" oder "No, I wasn't" sagen.

 

Offene Fragen 

(Diese Frage verwendest du, wenn du mehr Informationen brauchst).

WHAT was I doing yesterday at three o'clock?
WHAT were you doing yesterday at three o'clock?
WHAT was he doing yesterday at three o'clock?
WHAT was she doing yesterday at three o'clock?
WHAT was it doing yesterday at three o'clock?

WHAT were we doing yesterday at three o'clock?
WHAT were you doing yesterday at three o'clock?
WHAT were they doing yesterday at three o'clock?

 

Mögliche Antworten

Yesterday at three o'clock I was tidying my room.
Yesterday at three o'clock you were watching TV.
Yesterday at three o'clock he was eating dinner.
Yesterday at three o'clock she was eating dinner.
Yesterday at three o'clock it was eating dinner.

Yesterday at three o'clock we were cleaning our shoes.
Yesterday at three o'clock you werplaying a game.
Yesterday at three o'clock they were swimming.

Verneinungen mit "not"

Verneinungen im Past Continuous werden mit dem Wort not gebildet.

I was not reading a book.
You were not reading a book.
He was not reading a book.
She was not reading a book.
It was not reading a book.

We were not reading a book.
You were not reading a book.
They were not reading a book.

Beim Sprechen verwenden wir so-genannte Abkürzungen weil wir schnell sprechen möchten:
"not" wird zu "n't".

wasn't reading a book.
You weren't reading a book.
He wasn't  reading a book.
She wasn't  reading a book.
It wasn't  reading a book.

We weren't reading a book.
You weren't reading a book.
They weren't reading a book.

Übungen / Exercises

Verwollständige (complete) die Sätze (the sentences) im  Past Continuous (in Past Continuous).

  1. Betty ................................. (play) ice hockey when she ................................. (fall over) and ................................. (break) her leg.
  2. Yesterday at three o'clock they  ................................. (lie) in the sun.
  3. My sister  ................................. (travel) in Thailand when she ................................. (meet) her friend from primary school.
  4. Two days ago at that time Peter  ................................. (look) at the stars through the telescope.
  5. I  ................................. (watch) a documentary about old castles while my sister ................................. (talk) with our mum.
  6. .................................you  ................................. (do) your homework when I ................................. (call) you last night?
  7. She ................................. (sunbathe) when her ice cream  ................................. (melt).
  8. Yesterday at five in the afternoon it  ................................. (rain).
  9. We  ................................. (have) lunch when we ................................. (hear) the news.
  10. My brother  ................................. (solve) Sudoku puzzles while I ................................. (make) lunch.
  11. My cat  ................................. (sleep) on the sofa all day yesterday.
  12. Who  ................................. (sing) so beautifully when we ................................. (come) in?

 

Stell (ask) die Fragen (questions) im Past Continuous (in Past Continuous).

Beispiel:

Paula | play the piano yesterday at four o'clock?
Was Paula playing the piano yesterday at four o'clock?

  1. He | have lunch | when we | come in?
  2. Mum | tidy the living room | when the phone | ring?
  3. You | surf the net | yesterday at six o'clock?
  4. We | sleep| when | the robber | break into our house?
  5. What | they | do | when the accident | happen?
  6. Why | the dog | chase a cat | when we | come in?
  7. Dad | lie on the sofa | while Frank | do his homework?
  8. You | do your English exercise | when they | deliver pizzas?
  9. you | make tea | when you | burn your finger?
  10. The children | learn English | when we | go shopping?
  11. What | you | do | when I | call you last night?
  12. you | wear a helmet| when you| have a cycling accident?

 

Verneine die Sätze im Past Continuous.

Beispiel

My brother was reading a book when it started to snow.
My brother was not (wasn't) reading a book when it started to snow.

  1. It was raining all day yesterday.
  2. The dogs were barking when the robber broke into our house.
  3. The girl was learning French when she fell asleep.
  4. Mum was making lunch when she heard the news.
  5. She was running the Vienna marathon when she lost her mobile phone.
  6. He was working hard yesterday at four o'clock.
  7. Mr Brown was talking to a customer when he saw another customer stealing an expensive watch.
  8. Grandfather was sleeping when they scored a goal.
  9. The boys were ice-skating when the accident happened.
  10. I was waiting for him when the bus arrived.
  11. She was wearing her red dress at the party last night.
  12. The students were listening to the teacher when a bird flew into the classroom.

 

Hier findest du die Lösungen.